Research Associate
November 2009 – present
Biodiversity and Spatial Information Center
Department of Applied Ecology, North Carolina State University
Colleagues: Jaime Collazo PhD, Alexa McKerrow PhD, Steve Williams, Matt Rubino, Curtis Belyea, Kevin Gergely PhD, Leah Dunn, Anne Davidson, Jennifer Costanza PhD, Ken Boykin PhD.

I am part of the core group that manages, develops, and analyzes wildlife range and habitat maps for the national Gap Analysis Program (GAP).  I also recently led the habitat component of a project that integrated timber supply, vegetation dynamics, and habitat models to explore the influences of biofuels production on bird and amphibian habitat in NC (see publication).

I was initially hired to create deductive habitat models for a regional GAP project for the Northeast.  In 2010, our program adopted a national focus and I began creating habitat maps with national extents instead.  We completed modeling 1,719 species and subspecies in 2016 and began several analyses.  Here’s a list of the 236 species that I worked on:

Four-toed Salamander, Mole Salamander, Three-lined Salamander, Wehrle’s Salamander, White-spotted Slimy Salamander, American Dipper, American Goldfinch, American Redstart, American Robin, Ash-throated Flycatcher, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Black-crested Titmouse, Belted Kingfisher, Black-headed Grosbeak, Blue Grosbeak, Black Guillemot, Blue Jay, Black Oystercatcher, Black Rosy-finch, Brown Creeper, Broad-winged Hawk, Cackling Goose, Cattle Egret, California Towhee, Canyon Wren, Chipping Sparrow, Chimney Swift, Clark’s Grebe, Cliff Swallow, Common Murre, Common Raven, Double-crested Cormorant, Dark-eyed Junco, Downy Woodpecker, Eastern Bluebird, Eastern Kingbird, Eurasian Wigeon, Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Forster’s Tern, Great Blue Heron, Golden-crowned Kinglet, Great Horned Owl, Gray Catbird, Great Egret, Green Heron, Greater Prairie-chicken, Great-tailed Grackle, Herring Gull, House Finch, House Sparrow, Killdeer, Lark Sparrow, Lazuli Bunting, Least Bittern, Interior Least Tern, California Least Tern, Long-tailed Duck, Mourning Dove, Northern Mockingbird, Northern Pygmy-owl californicum, Northern Pygmy-owl, Oak Titmouse, Osprey, Ovenbird, Pied-billed Grebe, Prairie Falcon, Purple Finch, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Red-eyed Vireo, Rock Pigeon, Rock Wren, Red-tailed Hawk, Ruffed Grouse, Red-winged Blackbird, Bell’s Sage Sparrow, San Clemente Sage Sparrow, Sage Sparrow, Savannah Sparrow, Snow Goose, Western Snowy Plover, Northern Spotted Owl, California Spotted Owl, Spotted Sandpiper, Spotted Towhee, Sharp-shinned Hawk, Columbian Sharp-tailed Grouse, Plains Sharp-tailed Grouse, Sharp-tailed Grouse, Thick-billed Murre, Tufted Titmouse, Turkey Vulture, Varied Thrush, Warbling Vireo, Western Grebe, White-faced Ibis, Willet, Mexican Turkey, Merriam’s Turkey, Wild Turkey, Wrentit, White-tailed Kite, White-throated Swift, Xantus’s Murrelet, Yellow-eyed Junco, Big Brown Bat, Cave Myotis, Eastern Pipistrelle, Eastern Red Bat, Eastern Small-footed Myotis, Evening Bat, Florida Bonneted Bat, Greater Bonneted Bat, Gray Myotis, Long-tailed Weasel, Mexican Free-tailed Bat, San Bernardino Flying Squirrel, Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel, Carolina Northern Flying Squirrel, Northern Yellow Bat, Peters’s Ghost-faced Bat, Plains Pocket Gopher, Rafinesque’s Big-eared Bat, Richardson’s Ground Squirrel, Ringtail, Seminole Bat, Southern Yellow Bat, Saltmarsh Wandering Shrew, Monterey Vagrant Shrew, Western Pipistrelle, Western Spotted Skunk, Yuma Myotis, Bobolink, Cooper’s Hawk, Common Nighthawk, Northern Flicker, Mexican Spotted Owl, Spotted Owl, Veery, Virginia Rail, Winter Wren, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Baird’s Shrew, Cockrum’s Gray Shrew, Crawford’s Gray Shrew, Dusky Shrew, Elk, Fog Shrew, Hoary Marmot, Indiana Myotis, Long-tailed Shrew, Mexican Ground Squirrel, Mt. Lyell Shrew, Marsh Shrew, North American Least Shrew, New Mexico Shrew, Northern Myotis, Northern Short-tailed Shrew, Olympic Marmot, Ornate Shrew, Pacific Shrew, Mt. Graham Red Squirrel, Red Squirrel, Rock Squirrel, Southeastern Myotis, Smoky Shrew, Southern Short-tailed Shrew, Southeastern Shrew, Pale Lumped-nosed Bat, Townsend’s Western Big-eared Bat, Virginia Big-eared Bat, Townsend’s Big-eared Bat, Uinta Ground Squirrel, Vagrant Shrew, Washington Ground Squirrel, West Indian Manatee, Woodchuck, Wet Mountains Marmot, Yellow-bellied Marmot, Kaibab Squirrel, Abert’s Squirrel, Belding’s Ground Squirrel, Cascade Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel, Columbian Ground Squirrel, Camas Pocket Gopher, Mohave Ground Squirrel, Nelson’s Antelope Squirrel, Northern Flying Squirrel, Ocelot, Pacific Shrew cascadensis, Pacific Shrew pacificus, Raccoon, Sambar, Southern Bog Lemming, Southern Flying Squirrel, Snowshoe Hare, Southern Pocket Gopher, Southern Pocket Gopher, Southern Pocket Gopher, Striped Skunk, Texas Antelope Squirrel, Townsend’s Pocket Gopher, Western Pocket Gopher, Wyoming Pocket Gopher, Wyoming Ground Squirrel aureus, Wyoming Ground Squirrel elegans, Wyoming Ground Squirrel nevadensis, Wyoming Ground Squirrel, Yellow-faced Pocket Gopher, American White Pelican, Eurasian Collared-dove, Black-eared Deermouse, California Deermouse, Cactus Deermouse, Least Weasel, North American Deermouse, North American Porcupine, Nine-banded Armadillo, Northern Baja Deermouse, Northwestern Deermouse or Keen’s Mouse, Northern Rock Deermouse, Palo Duro Deermouse, Pinon Deermouse, Saxicoline Deermouse, Mountain Beaver pacifica, Sierra Nevada Mountain Beaver, Mountain Beaver humboldtiana, Point Arena Mountain Beaver, Mountain Beaver olympica, Point Reyes Mountain Beaver, Mountain Beaver rufa, Sewellel, Texas Deermouse, Virginia Opossum, White-ankled Deermouse, White-footed Deermouse.

We are currently working on manuscripts for an analysis of national patterns of species richness and habitat conservation.  During my tenure with GAP, I have also contributed to the development and maintenance of databases and code for our national wildlife-habitat relationship and range data.  In particular, I’ve contributed heavily to two python packages for data production and analysis that are documented here.

Conservation Recommendations Research Technician
January – November 2009
North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
Colleagues: Jeff Marcus PhD, Jacquelyn Wallace

The North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission (NCWRC) works extensively to understand the impacts of urbanization and land use on wildlife populations through programs such as the Green Growth Toolbox.   Questions about relationships between species’ ecology and human development have been studied, but the NCWRC needed dedicated effort compiling this information.  I synthesized the scientific literature on the habitat needs of priority species for conservation in North Carolina and drafted conservation recommendations for land use planners and developers.  The work was eventually approved and published by the NCWRC (see publication).

Research Assistant, January – November 2009
USGS North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Principle Investigator: C. Ashton Drew Phd
• Reviewed scientific literature on the habitat relationships of Swainson’s Warblers for use in spatially-explicit habitat models.
• Hired field assistants for secretive marsh bird surveys in wildlife refuges.

Graduate Teaching Assistant, August – December 2008
Department of Plant Biology, North Carolina State University
• Instructed two lab sections of “Introduction to Ecology.”

Graduate Research Assistant, August 2005 – August 2008
USGS North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Principle Investigator: Dr. Theodore R. Simons
• Designed, conducted, and analyzed an experimental field study on the effects of vehicle disturbance on shorebirds’ habitat use and behavior at Cape Lookout National Seashore, NC.
• Performed extensive shorebird surveys at South Core Banks, NC.

Research Technician, May – June 2008
USGS North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Principal Investigator: Dr. Theodore R. Simons
• Participated in field research that assessed different methods for estimating detection probabilities during avian point count surveys.
• Performed modified point counts along 12 Breeding Bird Survey routes in central North Carolina.

Graduate Teaching Assistant, January – May 2006
Department of Zoology, North Carolina State University
• Instructed two lab sections of “Evolution, Behavior, and Ecology”

Research Technician, February – June 2005
USGS North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Principal Investigator: Dr. Sarah Mabey
• Ordered, downloaded, reviewed, and exported Nexrad WSR-88D imagery from the National Climatic Data Center for a project that used radar imagery to identify migratory landbird stopover sites in North Carolina and Virginia.

Research Technician, May – July 2004
USGS North Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Principal Investigator: Dr. Theodore R. Simons
• Collected field data on spatial and temporal variations in Black-throated Blue Warbler and Ovenbird singing rates, Pisgah National Forest, NC.
• Located and monitored nests, sampled singing rates, and sampled vegetation at study sites.

Research Technician, April 2004
Department of Forestry, North Carolina State University
Principal Investigators: Dr. George Hess and Dr. Christopher Moorman
• Conducted songbird surveys along transects in Raleigh and Cary, NC for a study of habitat use by migrating songbirds in urban greenways.

Assistant Produce Team Leader, February 2003 – March 2004
Whole Foods Market, Pittsburgh, PA and Durham, NC
• Ordered and inventoried produce in accordance with department’s target profit margin and implemented new regional standards and performance goals.
• Oversaw product merchandising and quality control.
• Supervised and trained 25 team members.

Research Technician, April 2002 – June 2002
Department of Forestry, North Carolina State University
Principal Investigators: Dr. George Hess and Dr. Christopher Moorman
• Performed point count surveys of songbirds in Raleigh and Cary, NC for a study of the relationship between urban greenway landscape characteristics and breeding birds.

Research Technician, June 2000 – July 2002
Mears Fork Corridor Project, Summerfield, NC
Supervisor: Moni Bates
• Created and implemented an annual bird survey protocol for assessing the effectiveness of habitat conservation efforts along Mears Fork Creek in NC.


Painted Bunting Population Assessment and Monitoring Project, Spring 2007
USGS, USFWS, and NC Museum of Natural Sciences
• Performed Painted Bunting surveys at 18 sites in coastal North Carolina.

All Bird Radio Project, Fall 2004 – Spring 2007
USGS Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, North Carolina State University
• Performed simulated point count surveys of recorded bird songs for a study of avian point count methods and bird detectability.

Powdermill Bird Banding, 2003
Powdermill Avian Research Center, Carnegie Museum of Natural History
Rector, PA
• Banded birds and recorded data in assistance with a long-term banding project.